Accepted abstracts

CountryFlags

1. Socioeconomic and marketing aspects of cardamom sub-sector in Tehrathum

Nirajan Bhandari* and Trishna Bhandari

Lamjung Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Lamjung, Nepal

2. Effect of different level of Phosphorus on growth and yield of Cauliflower at Lamjung, Nepal

Sakar Pandey* and K. B. Karki

Lamjung Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Lamjung, Nepal

3. Response of different doses of Nitrogen on Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. Italica) in Lamjung district

Ravi Bika* and A. Khanal

Lamjung Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Lamjung, Nepal

4. Study on relationship of socioeconomic factors of citrus growers in Lamjung, Nepal

Samjhana Koirala*, A. Gaire and T. Bhandari

Lamjung Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Lamjung, Nepal

5. Assessing productivity and profitability of different cultivars of rice under the different nutrient management practices in Lamjung

Sabita Ranabhat*, Achyut Gaire, Lal Prasad Amgain and R. K. Shrestha

Lamjung Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Lamjung, Nepal

6. Assessment of GW-contamination due to waste dumping in the Bagmati River bank

Sabina Khatri*1,2, Christoph Schütz1 and Lalu Paudel2

1Technical University Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany

2Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

7. Variation in life-history traits of the narrow endemic Meconopsis napaulensis (Papaveraceae) and its widespread congener Meconopsis paniculata along an elevation gradient in Alpine Himalaya

Mukti Ram Poudeyal* and Suresh Kumar Ghimire

Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

8. Soil fertility status in shifting cultivation system at Aabukhaireni, Thanahun

Upendra Sharma and Roshan Babu Ojha

Himalayan College of Agriculture and Animal Science, Kathmandu, Nepal

9. Morphological variation in maize varieties caused by water logging

Sandip Pokhrel and R. Subedi

Lamjung Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Lamjung, Nepal

10. Effect of biochar application on soil characteristc and onion production

Sudip Poudel*

Himalayan College of Agriculture and Animal Science, Kathmandu, Nepal

11. Meta-analysis of food, energy and water nexus in the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra basins

Susan Mathew *

CUTS International, Rajasthan, India

12. Soil properties linking to climate change mitigation and food security in Nepal

Him Lal Shrestha1*, Trishna Bhandari2, Bhaskar Karky2 and Rajan Kotru2

1Ministry of Population and Environment, Kathmandu, Nepal

2International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Lalitpur, Nepal

13. Phenotypic dissimilarities among inbreds of maize (Zea mays L.)

Sangita Subedi*

Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

14. Method to assess efficiency and improve design of snow fences

Keshav Basnet*

Western Regional Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Kaski, Nepal

15. Impacts of future climate change on the habitat distribution of rhododendrons in Sikkim Himalaya

Kumar Manish*1,2, Dinesh Nautiyal2 and Maharaja Pandit1,2

1Department of Environmental Studies, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

2Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies of Mountain and Hill Environment, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

16. Evaluation of different nutrient management practice in yield and growth in rice in Morang district, Nepal

Ganesh Gupta, Sahara Dahal* and Lal Prasad Amagain*

Lamjung Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Lamjung, Nepal

17. Effect of climate change on shifting pattern of paddy in Tarku VDCs of Lamjung district, Nepal

Bishwas Malla Thakuri1*, Kamana Rayamajhi1*, Sharmila Poon1*, Bikalpa Adhikari2 and Sunkumar Gurung1

1Lamjung Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Lamjung, Nepal

2Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Oslo, Norway

18. An assessment on market opportunities for integrated pest management (IPM) grown produce in Rupandehi and Nawalparasi districts of Nepal

Manisha Burlakoti*1 and Binayak Rajbhandari*2

1United Mission to Nepal, Kathmandu, nepal

2Himalayan College of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Kathmandu, Nepal

19. Impact of climate change on wetland dependent birds and their habitat

Pabina Dhital1 and Tulsi Dahal2

1Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2National Trust for Nature Conservation, Chitwan, Nepal

20. Selection and Evaluation of Rice Breeding Lines against Blast (Pyricularia grisea) at Pakhribas, Dhankuta During 2014 and 2015.

Ajaya Karkee*

Nepal Agricultural Research Station, Pakhribas, Dhankuta, Nepal

21. The geomagnetic disturbance and its effects on space climate

Binod Adhikari *

St. Xavier’s College, Kathmandu, Nepal

22. Climate refugees of Dhye in Upper Mustang

Hari Shrestha1 and Suresh Prasain2

1Hydro Knowledge System, Lalitpur, Nepal

2United Technical College, Chitwan, Nepal

23. Large cardamom-based livelihoods in Taplejung district, Nepal

Danish Sapkota and Manish Sapkota *

Environment Conservation and Development Forum, Taplejung, Nepal

Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

24. Trend analysis of land use/land cover pattern using GIS and RS in eastern churia region

Munny Pradhan*, Dinesh Raj Bhuju, Anish Joshi and Ajay Bhakta Mathema

School of Environmental Science and Management, Kathmandu, Nepal

25. Lulu Cattle (Bos taurus L.): An Unique High Altitude Livestock Breed of Nepal

Saroj Sapkota*1, Neena Gorkhali1, Yamuna Shrestha1 and Nirajan Bhattarai2

1Animal Breeding Division, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal

2Department of Animal Breeding and Biotechnology, Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

26. Estimation of discharge using temperature index melt model in Modi river basin, Kaski, Nepal

Smrita Acharya1 and Rijan Bhakta Kayastha2

1Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Himalayan Cryosphere, Climate and Disaster Research Center, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering School of Science, Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal

27. Water quality of west seti river by using biological indicators, Bajhan, Nepal

Mohana Matangulu1, Smriti Gurung2*, Meera Prajapati1 and Rabindra Jyakhwo1

1Khwopa College, Dekocha-5, Bhaktapur, Nepal.

2*Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal

28. Organic farming and marketing of nutrient-rich traditional crops in the mountains of Nepal: Gaps in policies and practices

Devendra Gauchan*1, Epsha Palikhe2, Sajal Sthapit2, Bhuwon Sthapit1 and Devra Jarvis3

1Biodiversity International, Nepal

2Local Initiatives for Biodiversity Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

3Biodiversity International, Rome, Italy

4Washington State University, WA, USA

29. Participatory evaluation of micronutrient-rich potato genotypes in a mountain region of Nepal

Rajeev Dhakal*1, Srijana Paudel1, Raj Giri2, Anju Pandey1, Pragati Paneru2, Mohinder Kadian3 and Pashupati Chaudhary1

1Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

2Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

3International Potato Center, Lima, Peru

30. Soil fertility mapping of Purkot village development committee of Tanahun district, Nepal

Beena Parajuli*, Ram Shrestha

Lamjung Campus, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Lamjung, Nepal

31. Influence of humic acid on changes in soil chemical properties

Sushmita Dhakal1, Shree Vista*2

1Himalayan College of Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

32. Digital soil mapping in Bara district of Nepal using kriging tool in ArcGIS

Dinesh Panday*1, Ram Shrestha2 and Bikesh Twanabasu3

1University of Nebraska-Lincoln, United States

2Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

3Cube Info Company Pvt. Ltd., Nepal

33. Effect of nitrogen on biomass yield of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) at Bharatpur, Chitwan

Prashanta Giri1 and Bandhu Baral*2

1Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

2Ginger Research Programme, Nepal Agriculture Research Center, Salyan, Nepal

34. Are invasive alien plant species climbing up the mountains in Nepal Himalaya?

Bharat Babu Shrestha1*, Mohan Siwakoti1, Anjana Devkota1, Krishna Sharma1 and Uttam Shrestha2

1Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Institute for Agriculture and the Environment University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia

35. Community based Asiatic wild dog and Chinese pangolin conservation in eastern Himalayas of Nepal

Ambika Prasad Khatiwada1* and Monsoon Khatiwada2

1National Trust for Nature Conservation, Lalitpur, Nepal

2Alumni Association for Conservation and Development, Nepal

36. Delivered services by insects

Olga Ameixa*, Amadeu Soares and Ana Isabel Lillebo

Department of Biology & CESAM, University of Aveiro, Portugal

37. Impact of vulture conservation efforts in western lowlands Terai of Nepal

Surya Man Shrestha*

Conservation Development Foundation, Nepal

38. Distribution and conservation status of Chinese Pangolin in Palungtar municipality of Gorkha district, western Nepal.

Sujita Dhakal*

Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

39. Illegal hunting of prey species in the northern section of Bardia National Park, Nepal: implications for carnivore conservation

Babu Bhattarai1*, Wendy Wright2 and Ambika Khatiwada3

1Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal ,

2Federation University Australia, Victoria, Australia

3National Trust for Nature Conservation, Lalitpur, Nepal

40. Human elephant conflict In Bahundangi, Jhapa

Nita Khanal*

Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

41. Facilitative role of Berberis mucrifolia in maintaining plant species diversity at high-altitude Langtang valley of central Nepal

Rabindra Parajuli1*, Bishnu Timilsina1 and Suresh Ghimire2

1Habitat Concern, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

42. Molecular characterization of Achhami cattle in the Far-west region of Nepal

Neena Amatya Gorkhali1*

1Animal Breeding Division, Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

43. Symbiotic relation between Chepang, Butter tree and fruit bats heavily affected by fruit bat hunting traditional of Chepang community in Chitwan Nepal.

Hari Basnet*, Sabita Gurung

Small Mammals Conservation and Research Foundation, Kathmandu, Nepal

44. Vulture conservation: effectiveness of vulture restaurant from people perspective (Case study from vulture restaurants of Dang district)

Suman Ghimire*

Pokhara Campus, Institute of Forestry, Kaski, Nepal

45. Understanding human-wildlife conflict in Sikkim, Eastern Himalaya, India

Sunita Khatiwara1* and Binod Bhattarai2

1Centre for Wildlife Studies, Banashankari, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

2Department of Sociology Sikkim Government College Gyalshing, West Sikkim, India

46. Traditional crops for food security and conservation of agricultural biodiversity in Nepal’s mountain region

Devendra Gauchan1*, Bhuwon Sthapit1, Krishna Ghimire2, Bal Krishna Joshi2, Sajal Sthapit3, Bharat Bhandari3, Epsha Palikhe3, Niranjan Pudasaini3, Rita Gurung3, Anish Subedi3, Achut R. Adhikari3, Subash Gautam3, Deepa S. Shrestha2, Mina Nath Paudel2, Isabel Lopez Noreiga4 and Devra Jarvis4,5

1Bioversity International, Nepal

2National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

3Local Initiatives for Biodiversity Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

4Bioversity International, Rome, Italy

5Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA

47. Germplasm rescue from earthquake affected areas of Nepal: opportunities and challenges

Shreejana Sapkota1*, Bal Joshi1, Kritesh Poudyal1, Krishna Ghimire1, Bhuwon Sthapit2 and Devendra Gauchan2

1National Genebank, Nepal Agriculture and Research Center, Lalitpur, Nepal

2Biodiversity International, Nepal

48. Antimicrobial activity and brine shrimp toxicity assay of various fractions of Mallotus philippensis leaves

Bigyan Sharma1*, Laxman Pokhrel1 and Gan Bajracharya2

1Kathmandu Institute of Applied Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal

49. Ecological status and diversity indices of Panchaule (Dactylorhiza hatagirea) and its associates in Lete village of Mustang district, Nepal

Chhatra Khadka1*, Tom Hammet2 , Abadhesh Singh3, Mohan Balla3 and Yajna Timilsina3

1Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, Nepal Government, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, USA

3Institute of Forestry, Kaski, Nepal

50. Perception of local people on vulture conservation in western lowlands of Nepal

Khadananda Paudel1*, Krishna Bhusal2, Bhupal Nepali2, Ishwari Chaudhary2, Amir Sadaula3 and Toby Galligan4

1Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal

2Bird Conservation Nepal, Nepal

3National Trust for Nature Conservation, Lalitpur, Nepal

4RSPB Centre for Conservation Science, The United Kingdom

51. Impact of 2015, Gorkha earthquake on red panda, Ailurus fulgens fulgens (F.G. Cuvier 1825) habitat in Langtang National Park, Nepal

Yogesh Rana Magar*1, Man Kumar Dhamala1, Ajay Mathema2

1Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2School of Environmental Science and Management, Pokhara University, Kaski, Nepal

52. Comparative study of stall-feeding and pasture grazed goat production systems in smallholders farms of Shaktikhor area in the eastern mid hills of Nepal

Sabita Subedi1*, Bhojan Dhakal1 , Bijaya Khanal2 and Naba Devkota2

1National Animal Science Research Institute, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

2Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

53. Suitability of Aquaponics for Food Production in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

Sanu Maiya Maharjan* and Udhab Khadka

Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

54. Rice yield improvement and mitigating the climate change by site specific nutrient management

Santosh Marahatta*

Department of Agronomy, Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

55. Effect of biochar as a soil amendment on soil properties ,yield and yield attributes of cabbage ( Brassica Oleracea var Capitata)

Sandesh Bhatta1*, Keshab Pande1*, Baburam Khanal1, Santosh Marahatta1* and Roshan Ojha2

1Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

2Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

56. Evaluation of fungicides for the management of garlic rust (Puccinia porri) in eastern mid-hills of Nepal

Ajaya Karkee* and Krishna Poudel

Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Agricultural Research Station, Pakhribas, Dhankuta, Nepal

57. Assessing productivity and profitability of different cultivars of rice under the different nutrient management practices in Lamjung,Nepal

Achyut Gaire*

Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

58. Growth and dynamics of pulses production in Nepal: 1980-2014

Narayan Sharma Rimal1* and Bishal Gurung2

1Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, New Delhi, India

59. Fodder production and livestock rearing in relation to climate change and possible adaptation measures in Manaslu Conservation Area, Nepal

Bhojan Dhakal1*, Naba Devkota2 , Chet Upreti3 and Sabita Subedi4

1National Animal Science Research Institute, Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

2Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

3Livestock and Fisheries, Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

4Feed the Future Innovation Lab, Kathmandu, Nepal

60. Organic farming a possibility to agricultural revolution in Nepal

Anupama Shrestha*, Byung Taek Oh

Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, South Korea

61. Effect of establishment methods on soil moisture and yield of wheat sown on different dates under Chitwan condition

Narayan Tiwari*, Santosh Marahatta and Surya Dhungana

Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

62. Phenotypic dissimilarities among inbreds of maize (Zea mays L.)

Sangita Subedi*

Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

63. Evaluation of different radish (Raphanus sativus) genotypes under Eastern mid-hills condition

Krishna Poudel*

Agricultural Research Station, Pakhribas, Dhankuta, Nepal

64. Nitrogen Stress on Maize Roots in Subtropical Condition of Nepal

Santosh Kalauni1*, Ram Shrestha2, Santosh K.C.2 and Roshan Ojha3

1Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

2Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Lamjung Campus, Lamjung, Nepal

3Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

65. Effect of Nitrogen, Sulfur and their interaction in Growth, Yield and Oil content of Rapeseed

Bikram Basyal1*, Keshab Pande1 and Roshan Ojha2

1Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

2Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

66. Local seed system in mountain agriculture: Constrains, incentive mechanisms and policy reforms

Deepa Shrestha1*, Bal Krishna Joshi1, Krishna Ghimire1, Aruna Parajuli2, Deepak Upadhaya2, Epsha Palikhe2, Sajal Sthapit2 and Niranjan Pudasaini2

1National Genebank, Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

2Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

67. Cultural geoethics for soil conservation in hills and mountains of Nepal

Shree Prasad Vista*

Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

68. Seed systems and management practices of traditional high altitude crops in Nepal

Rita Gurung1*Epsha Palikhey1, Sajal Sthapit1, Niranjan Pudasaini1, Anish Subedi1, Devendra Gauchan2 and BhuwonRatna Sthapit2

1Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

2Biodiversity International, Nepal

69. Economic analysis of Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) cultivation in Mustang, Nepal.

Binod Ghimire1*, Narayan Kafle1 and Sujeeta Sharma2

1Ministry of Agricultural Development, Government of Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

70. Small ruminants’ breeding: status, challenges & opportunities in the Himalayas, Nepal

Nirajan Bhattarai1*, Saroj Sapkota2 and Sunita Sanjyal2

1Faculty of Animal Science, Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

2Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

71. Consumers attributes and preferences on organic agricultural products in Nepal

Rishi Ram Kattel1*, Anup Nainabasti2 and Anupama Shrestha3

1Department of Agricultural Economics & Agribusiness Management, Agriculture & Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan

2Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

3Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, South Korea

72. Impacts of group organic certification of coffee on socio-economic and environmental sustainability in Nepal

Rishi Ram Kattel*

Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Management, Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

73. Factor influencing the adoption of organic certification of orthodox tea in Himalayan corridor of Nepal

Rishi Ram Kattel1*, Kalika Bahadur Adhikari2 and Punya Prasad Regmi3

1Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Management, Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

2Faculty of Agriculture, Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

3Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

74. Rainwater harvesting technology adoption and impact on farming system in Nepal

Rishi Ram Kattel*

Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Management, Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

75. Characterizing Nepalese foxtail millet genetic resources using morphological markers

Krishna Ghimire1*, Bal Joshi2, Epsha Palikhey3 and Rita Gurung3

1National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

2National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

3Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

76. Participatory seed exchanges provide farmers’ access to diverse seeds at low costs

Sajal Sthapit, Subash Gautam and Sandesh Neupane*

Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

77. Impact of micro-finance in agriculture: insights from central Nepal

Sandip Subedi*

Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

78. Using functional traits to evaluate varietal portfolio in rice

Sajal Sthapit*, Deepak Upadhyay and Rajeev Dhakal

Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

79. Adoption of improved maize seed production technology and its impact on farm income: evidence from Nepal

Mahesh Sapkota1*, Jay Dutta2, Rishi Kattel1 and Niraj Joshi3

1Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness management, Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

2Faculty of Agriculture, Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

3Taoyako Program, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, Japan

80. Terrace intensification for improving food security and livelihoods of hill farmers in Nepal

Bhawana Ghimire, Roshan Pudasaini* Tejendra Chapagain and Pashupati Chaudhary*

Local Initiatives for Biodiversity Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

81. Scaling up payment for watershed service (PWS) mechanism from Rupa to Begnas lake

Lakpa Sherpa* and Indra Paudel*

Local Initiatives for Biodiversity Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

82. Labor intensive technique for sustainable livelihood

Udgar Paudel*

Central Department of Economics, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

83. A study on protein based feed intervention to dairy cattle for increasing milk production of Central Himalaya in Lamjung district Nepal

Bhojan Dhakal*, Megh Tiwari, Ram Rana and Tek Gurung

National Animal Science Research Institute, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

84. Humla development initiative: an integrated approach to improving food and nutrition security and livelihoods of Humli farmers

Anish Subedi1*, Asharam Gurung1, Achyut Adhikari1, Ram Rana1, Pashupati Chaudhary1, Kiran Bhatta1 and Santosh Jirel2

1Local Initiatives for Biodiversity Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

2Self-Help Initiative Promotion Center, Humla, Nepal

85. Impact of sustainable soil management practices on farmers’ livelihood in Dolakha district, Nepal

Sushma Sapkota1* and Rishi Ram Kattel2

1District Agriculture Development Office, Makwanpur, Nepal

2Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

86. Factors influencing brain drain of Nepalese agriculture graduates to abroad

Rishi Ram Kattel* Mahesh Sapkota and Jay Prakash Dutta

Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

87. Grazing management practices in the rangelands of Nepal

Sunita Sanjyal* and Kishor Shrestha

Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

88. Study of community participation in solid waste management : a case of Panga, Kitipur

Prakash Amatya* and Asmita Bhusal

Pokhara University, Kaski, Nepal

89. Polylactic acid (PLA): an alternative edible packaging material from dairy product

Abhishek Khadka1*, Ujwal Koirala1, Hari Khanal1, Prakash Timalsina2 and Sushil Koirala2*

1Pokhara Bigyan Tatha Prabidhi Campus, Kaski, Nepal

2Sujal Dairy Pvt. Ltd., Kaski, Nepal

90. Status of nitrogen in water and sediments from Phewa lake, Pokhara

Sirjana Adhikari1, Udhab Khadka2*, Khem Gurung1 and Motilal Ghimire3

1Central Department of Environment Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Amrit Science Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

3Central Department of Geography, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

91. Water quality assessment using benthic macro-invertibrates of Rati river Chitre, Western Nepal

Sujita Karki* and Kedar Rijal

Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

92. Effects of climatic factor (temperature and humidity) on the wildfire occurrence in Nawalparasi district in Nepal

Krishna Bhujel*

Nepal Foresters Association, Kathmandu, Nepal

93. Internal migration drives land use and land cover changes in the middle mountains of Nepal

Bhawana KC1, Teijun Wang2* and Popular Gentle3*

1Practical Action, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Geo-information Science and Earth Observation, ITC, University of Twente, Netherland

3CARE International Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal

94. Landslide risk assessment for sustainable mitigation of Patlekhet landslide, Myadgi district, Nepal

Naresh Nidal, Basanta Adhikari*, Bhupendra Yadav and Surendra Awasthi

Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Lalitpur, Nepal

95. Landslides and threat to the infrastructures case study of Upper Trisuli-1 Hydropower project Rasuwa District, Nepal

Narayangoapl Ghimire1* and Sanjaya Devkota2

1Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2FEED (P) Ltd., Lalitpur, Nepal

96. A preliminary understanding of landsliding in the central Nepal due to effect of Gorkha earthquake and 2016 monsoon

Basanta Raj Adhikari1*, Niel Hovious2, Christoff Andermann2 and Jens Turowski2

1Department of Civil Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany

97. Assessment of potential of construction materials from landslides in Kamala watershed, Sindhuli

Sanju Ghimire*

Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

98. Recovery assessment of mountain villages a year after the 2015 Gorkha Earthquake: a case study of Palchok, Thakani and Gunsa VDC in Sindhupalchowk district

Anup Dhungana1* and Kaushal Gnyawali2

1Architectures Sans Frontieres, Nepal

2Khwopa College of Engineering, Bhaktapur, Nepal

99. Assessing landslide dam outburst flood and its associated vulnerability on livelihood of downstream communities: a case study of Budhigandaki River, Western Nepal

Kabindra Bhatta1*, Udhab Khadka1 and Govind Acharya2

1Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Lalitpur, Nepal

100. Assessment of vulnerability of local people livelihood in context of water-induced hazard

Ram Prasad Gotame1*, Madan Koirala2

1Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development, Golbazar Municipality, Nepal

2Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

102. Analogue sites of earthquake affected areas for deployment of endangered landraces

Kritesh Poudyal1*, Bal Joshi1, Shreejana Sapkota1, Krishna Ghimire1, Devendra Gauchan2 and Bhuwon Sthapit2

1National Genebank, Nepal Agricultural Research Council. Lalitpur, Nepal

2Bioversity International Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal

103. Land use/ land cover change and landslide occurrence in Kamala watershed, Sindhuli district, Nepal

Muna Neupane*

Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

104. Pre-earthquake nationwide landslide inventory of Nepal 2015

Prakash Pokhrel1*, Shanta Banstola1, Dinesh Bhuju1, Kedar Rijal1, Binod Pyakurel1, Ashok Maharjan1, Bharat Ghimire1, Kishor Maharjan1, Kumod Lekhak1, Pramila Paudyal1, Rabina Sipai1, Ramita Prajapati1, Salina Bajracharya1, Subin Kalu1 and Motilal Ghimire2

1Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Central Department of Geography, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

105. Inundation modelling in the Koshi for assessing flood risk

Ajay Ratna Bajracharya, Mandira Shrestha, Pradeep Dangol, Shahriar Wahid and Arun Shrestha

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu, Nepal

106. Comparison between rainfall triggered landslides and co-seismic landslides due to Gorkha earthquake 2015 in Sindhupalchowk district, Nepal

Kaushal Gnyawali1*, Basanta Adhikari2

1Khwopa College of Engineering, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

2Central Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Lalitpur, Nepal

107. Effects of temperature on parasitism and stored energy reserves in native bees

Susma Giri1,2* and Michael Dillon2

1University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, USA,

2Kathmandu Institute of Applied Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

108. Adaptation approach to cope with impact of climate change on water supply

Kamana KC1, Keshab Sharma2*, Popular Gentle3* and Bhawana KC4*

1CARE Nepal

2ADAPT-Nepal

3CARE International Nepal

4Practical Action

109. Response of treeline forming tree species to climatic variability in western Nepal Himalaya

Narayan Gaire1*, Madan Koirala1, Dinesh Bhuju2 and Marco Carrer3

1Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal

3University of Padova, Padova, Italy

110. Climate smart agriculture options for hilly regions of Nepal

Puna Bhaila*, Kiran Bhatta* and Pashupati Chaudhary

Local Initiatives for Biodiversity Research and Development, Kaski, Nepal

111. All Nepal summer monsoon rainfall variability, its dynamics and associated teleconnection with tropical pacific and Indian ocean oscillation

Ujjwal Tiwari*

Tri-Chandra Multiple College, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

112. Can low frequency measurements be good enough?-a statistical assessment of citizen hydrology streamflow observations

Jeffrey Davids*, Nick van de Giesen and Martine Rutten

Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands

113. Impact of climate variability on wheat production in central Nepal: Study conducted in Dhading and Chitwan district

Krishna Upadhya*

Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

114. Assessment on perception of climate change among rice farmers in Central Nepal

Umesh Sapkota*

Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

115. Biogas as an adaptation and mitigation strategy for livestock raising households vulnerable to climate change in Chitwan, Nepal

Surya Mani Dhungana*, Jay Dutta, Shiv Dhakal and Narayan Tiwari

Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal

116. Modelling current and projected climatic suitability of arabica coffee in Syangja district, Nepal

Prakash Pokhrel*

Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

117. Glacial lakes in high altitude: an indicator of climate perturbation

Sudeep Thakuri* and Franco Salerno

National Research Council, Water Research Institute (IRSA-CNR), Brugherio, Italy

118. Evaluation of GPM satellite rainfall estimates over Nepal

Bikash Nepal1* and Dibas Shrestha2

1Central Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal

119. Climate change policy and politics

Aastha Pudasainee1, Roshan Ojha2*

1HICAST, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

120. Selection and evaluation of rice breeding lines against blast (Pyricularia grisea) at Pakhribas, Dhankuta during 2014 and 2015

Ajaya Karkee*

Nepal Agricultural Research Station, Pakhribas, Dhankuta, Nepal

121. Large cardamom based livelihoods in Taplejung district, Nepal

Manish Sapkota*

Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

122. Water quality of west Seti River by using biological indicators, Bajhang, Nepal

Rabindra Jyakhwo*, and Mohana Matangulu

Khwopa college, Bhaktapur, Nepal

123. Soil fertility mapping of Purkot Village Development Committee of Tanahun District, Nepal

Beena Parajuli* and Ram Shrestha

Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Lamjung Campus, Tribhuvan University, Lamjung, Nepal

124. Ongoing fluvial recovery from medieval earthquakes, Pokhara, Nepal

Amelie Stolle1, Anne Bernhardt2, Wolfgang Schwanghart1, John D. Jansen1, Christoff Andermann3, Basanta R. Adhikari4, Monique Fort5 and Oliver Korup1

 1Institut of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, 14476 Potsdam, Germany

2Institute of Geological Sciences, Freie Universität Berlin, Malteserstr. 74-100, 12249 Berlin, Germany

3Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam, German Centre for Geosciences GFZ, Telegrafenberg 14473 Potsdam, Germany

4Civil Engineering Department, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

5Département de Géographie, Université Paris-Diderot-SPC, Bâtiment Olympe de Gouges, 75013 Paris, France

125. Comparison between rainfall triggered landslides and co-seismic landslides due to Gorkha earthquake 2015 in Sindhupalchowk district, Nepal

Kaushal Gnyawali1* and Basanta Adhikari2

1Khwopa College of Engineering, Bhaktapur, Nepal

2Central Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Lalitpur, Nepal

126. Mountain natural disasters and their management in “developing” and “developed” countries: examples from Nepal and France

Monique Fort*

University Paris Diderot, France

127. Future of Yak (Bos grunniens) research and development in context of climate change

Shanker Raj Barsila*, N.R. Devkota

Department of Animal Nutrition and Fodder Production, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

128. Modeling mountain landscape complexity: climate change, adaptation strategy and alternatives

Manoranjan Mishra*

Department of Geography, Gangadhar Meher University, India

129. Hazardous pesticides and their unsafe use by vegetable growers: a case study of Dhangadhi, Kailali, Nepal

Aakash Gupta1* and Lal B. Thapa2

1Central Department of Chemistry, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal

2Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal

130. Rammed earth construction: an effective alternative eco-friendly housing technique

Binod Khadka*

Ministry of Urban Development, DLPIU, Government of Nepal, Okhaldhunga, Nepal

131. Study of aircraft accident in the mountainous region of Nepal using weather research and forecasting model

Binod Pokharel1*, Raj K. Rai2, Suresh Marahatta3, Rudra Pokhrel1, Loknath Adhikari4, and Sujan Khanal1

1University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, USA

2Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richmond, Washington, USA

3Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

4Texas A&M University – Corpus Christi, Corpus Christi, Texas, USA

132. Preparation of biodiesel from waste cooking oil as renewable energy source

Ganesh Lamichhane*

Birendra Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Chitwan, Nepal

133. What leads himalayan alpine flora to the path of upslope migration and extinction? A case from central Himalaya, Manang, Nepal

Laxmi Raj Joshi1,2, Suresh Kumar Ghimire1, Jan Salick3 and Katie M. Konchar3

1Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal

2National Trust for Nature Conservation, Bardia Conservation Program, Bardia, Nepal

3Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Missouri, USA

134. Community seed banks for improving local seed system and agricultural biodiversity in the hills of Nepal

Pitambar Shrestha* Srijana Paudel, Shankar Paudel, Hari Paudel and Pashupati Chaudhary

Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and development, Kaski, Nepal

135. Status of insect pest management in commercial vegetable farming in Chitwan, Nepal

Rajendra Regmi1*, Jhalendra Rijal2, Rajan Ghimire3, Krishna Puri4, Sudan Gyawaly5, and Sujata Poudel6

1Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur,Chitwan, Nepal

2University of California Cooperative Extension, Modesto, CA, USA

3New Mexico State University, Agricultural Science Center, Clovis, NM, USA

4University of California-Davis, Dept. of Plant Pathology, Davis CA, USA

5Virginia Tech, Dept. of Entomology, Blacksburg, VA, USA

6Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal

136. Factors affecting herd size reduction as climate change adaptation strategies by dairy farmers in terai region of Nepal

Shiva Chandra Dhakal*

Agriculture and Forestry University, DoREX, Chitwan, Nepal

137. Power of spirit: sustaining watershed through music, art and stories

Susan Lisa Toch*

A Natural Resource & Water to Drink, Anacortes, WA, USA

138. The development of integrated management of water-fertilizer and Sino-Israel cooperation under current Chinese agricultural policy

Ling Tian*

Helio-innova New Energy Technology Co., Ltd., China

139. Collaborative efforts for conservation of a threatened species, greater sage grouse, in Wyoming, USA

Peter D. Stahl1*, Scott Gamo2 and Jeffrey L. Beck1

1University of Wyoming

2Wyoming Department of Game and Fish

140. Impact of climate change on mountainous environments

Stefan Becker

Department of Earth, Environmental, and Geospatial Sciences, Lehman College, City University of New York, NY, USA

141. Perceptions on harvesting, resource depletion, conflicts of Ophiocorycep sinensis collectors

Krishna Ram Dhital *

Kathmandu Forestry College, Kathmandu, Nepal

142. Derivation of population size of stingless beehive in Jhimruk river basin, Nepal

Ishwari Banjade*

Central Department of Statistics, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

143. Ethno-geographical relation to wildlife crime in Nepal: analysis of cases reported in national print media

Ganesh Puri1*, Gangaram Regmi2 and Yajna Timilsina3

1Department of Forest, Kathmandu, Government of Nepal

2Global Primate Network, Kathmandu, Nepal

3Institute of Forestry

144. Conservation and promotion of local biodiversity

Bibek Dhital*

HASERA Agriculture Research and Training Center, Kathmandu, Nepal

145. Distribution of striped Hyena (Hyaena hyaena) in Deukhuri valley, Dang Nepal

Chiranjeevi Khanal*

Institute of Forestry, Pokhara Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kaski, Nepal

146. Habitat distribution and human conflict of Himalayan black bear

Milan Sapkota*

Khaptad National Park, Doti, Nepal

147. Effect of management modalities and forest condition on forest carbon biomass in pine dominated forests, mid hill Nepal

Anita Dandekhya* and Shes Bhandari

Institute of Forestry, Pokhara Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kaski, Nepal

148. Vulnerability analysis of city core: a case study of traditional settlements of Asan to Indrachowk of Kathmandu

Surendra Man Shrestha*

Department of Agriculture and Urban Planning of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

149. The availability of carcasses and vulture threat in Jatayu restaurant, Nawalparasi

Ramesh Kumar Basel* and Rashila deshar

Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

150. Comparative study of aboveground carbon stock in two foresters from Bhaktapur

Rashmi Timilsina* and Man Kumar Dhamala

GoldenGate International College, Kathmandu, Nepal

151. Climate change and livelihoods of small scale farmers in Cameroon

Tabi Cherrycharry Agwa*

ICT-University Cameroon Campus, Cameroon

152. Mountain Aquaculture in Himalayas of Nepal

Tek Bahadur Gurung1*, Suresh Kumar Wagle1, Agni Prasad Nepal2, Gopal Prasad Lamsal3

1Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Lalitpur, Nepal

2Fisheries Research Station, Trishuli, Nepal

3Fisheries Research Station, Kaski, Nepal

153. The Fate of Traditional Mountain Agrobiodiversity Relies on Female Farmers

Niranjan Pudasaini1*, Epsha Palikhe1, Sajal Sthapit1, Devendra Gauchan2, Pashupati Chaudhari1, Bhuwon Sthapit2

1Local Initiatives for Biodiversity Research and Development, Nepal

2Bioversity International, Nepal Office

154. Human-rhesus macaque conflict at Goldhunga, Kathmandu, Nepal

Kusum Regmi*, Man Kumar Dhamala

Goldengate International College, kathmandu, Nepal

155. Illusion, violence, and transformation: navigating rural development practices and the restructuring of local identities in lower Mustang, Nepal

Emily Amburgey1* and Yungdrung Tsewang2

1University of Amsterdam, Netherlands

2University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

156. Genetic parameters of weaning weight of  Khari goat (Capra hircus L.) kids in Nawalparasi, Nepal

Nirajan Bhattarai1* Mana Kolachhapati1, Naba Devkota1, Uday Thakur2, Shreeram Neopane3

1Faculty of Animal Science, Veterinary Science and Fisheries, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal

2Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, Singha Durbar, Kathmandu, Nepal

3Kisankalagi Unnat Biu-Bijan Karyakram, MoAD/KUBK-IFSP, Butwal, Nepal

157. Does Nepal have local Politico- Administrative Capacity for Disaster Response?

Tikeshwari Joshi 1*, Chandra Lal Pandey1, Hemant Ojha1,2 and Dil Khatri3

Southasia Institute of Advanced Studies (SIAS), Kathmandu, Nepal

University of New South Wales, Australia

ForestAction Nepal

158. Impact of temperature on the quality of herbal drugs: A threat to plant based traditional knowledge

Rajendra Gyawali1*, Tirtha Maiya Shrestha1, Prem Narayan Poudel2, Rudra Upreti2, Nira Paudel1, Prerok regmi3, Khemraj Timalsina3, Dipesh Pyakurel4, Jagendra Khadka3, Ashok Silwal1

1 Kathmandu University, Department of Pharmacy, Dhulikhel , Kavre, Nepal

2Kathmandu University, Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal.

3Integrative Medicine Development Foundation (IMDF) Nepal.

4Biodiversity Associates for Research, Development, and Action – Nepal

159. Changes in species diversity and horizontal distribution of tree species across outside to interior of buffer zone community forests of Parsa Wildlife Reserve

Ramesh Sapkota1*, Peter Stahl1 & Kedar Rijal2

1Department of Ecosystem Science and Management and Program in Ecology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA

2Central Department of Environmental Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

160. Tapping untapped resources: Study of trash in the mountain valleys of Nepal and USA

Mohan B. Dangi*1, Erika J. Mey1, Cory D. Robbins1, Raquel A. Perez1, Nicole N. Hoke1, Sergio Moreno2

1Department of Geography and City & Regional Planning, California State University, Fresno, 2555 E. San Ramon Ave., M/S SB69, Fresno, CA 93740, United States, mdangi@csufresno.edu

1Department of Biology, California State University, Fresno, 2555 E San Ramon Ave, M/S SB73, Fresno, CA 93740, United States

161. Study of phytochemical, antioxidant, antimicrobial and anticancer activity of Berberis Aristita.

Basanta Lamichhane, Sandeep Adhikari, Pritish Shrestha, Bhupal Govinda Shrestha*

Department of Biotechnology, Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal

162. Analysis of variability in precipitation in Narayani River Basin, Nepal

Utsav Bhattarai1*, Harshana Shrestha1, Vishnu Prasad Pandey2, Shrijwal Adhikari1, Khada Nanda Dulal1, Suresh Marahatta3

1 Water Modeling Solutions Pvt. Ltd., Gwarko, Lalitpur, Nepal

2 Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Pathumthani, Thailand

3 RECHAM Consult P. Ltd., Putalisadak, Kathmandu, Nepal

163. Production of bioethanol from agriculture waste using microbes from high altitude

Sanjaya Ghimire1, Shakep Bhattarai1, Binayak Raj Pandey1 , Bhupal Govinda Shrestha1 *

1Department of Biotechnology, School of Science, Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal

164. Paleo-seismological research of the Nepal Himalayas: implications for seismic hazard

Soma Nath Sapkota*

Department of Mines and Geology, Government of Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal

165. Social and cultural capital in post-disaster recovery: Comparative perspectives on natural disasters and community responses

Sanjay K. Nepal*, Brent Doberstein, Erin Joakim & Bishnu Devkota

Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Waterloo;

200 University Avenue W, Waterloo, ON Canada N2L 3G1

166. The observed headwater flows of the Nepalese face of Mount Everest

Devesh Koirala1, Pierre Chevallier*2, François Delclaux2, Luc Neppel2, Yves Lejeune3, Patrick Wagnon4, Frédéric Hernandez2, Elisa Vuillermoz5, Rajendra Sharma6

1Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, GPO Box:3323, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal.

2Laboratoire Hydrosciences (CNRS, IRD, Université de Montpellier), CC 57, Université de Montpellier, 163 rue Auguste Broussonnet, 34090 Montpellier, France.

3Centre d’Etude de la Neige, Centre National de Recherche Météorologique (CNRS, Meteo France), Domaine Universitaire, 1441, rue de la Piscine, 38400, Saint Martin d’Hères, France.

4Laboratoire des Transferts en Hydrologie et Environnement (CNRS, IRD, Université Joseph Fourier), CS 40700, 38058 Grenoble cedex 9, France

5Ev-K2-CNR Association, Via San Bernardino, 125, 24126 Bologna, Italy.

6Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, Babar Mahal, Kathmandu, Nepal

167. Temperature Response From Tree Ring Analysis of Larix griffithii from Ghunsa Valley, Kanchanjungha Conservation Area, Nepal

Prakash Chandra Aryal*1, Man Kumar Dhamala1,2, Madan Krishna Suwal3,
Sizar Bhatta1, Narayan Prasad Gaire4, Parveen Kumar Chhetri5

1 GoldenGate International College, Battisputali, Kathmandu
2 Central Department of Environmental Science, Kirtipur
3 Department of Geography, University of Bergen, Norway
4 Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Khumaltar, Lalitpur
5 Department of Geography, Texas A & M University, College Station

168. CUSTOMARY LAWS AND PRACTICES IN SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF FOREST IN DURA COMMUNITY, LAMJUNG

Pasang Dolma Sherpa

Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal